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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics

From: Health-related quality of life in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension

Physical Characteristics Social Characteristics
Patients, n 155 Marital Status  
Age, years (mean ± SD) 53 ± 13    Single 25 (16)
Female, n (%) 126 (81)    Married 100 (65)
Caucasian 106 (68)    Separated 4 (3)
African-American 34 (22)    Divorced 11 (7)
Hispanic 7 (5)    Widowed 15 (10)
Other 8 (5) Lives Alone 21 (14)
PAH Diagnosis   Currently employed 55 (35)
   Idiopathic ("Primary") 63 (41) Occupation  
   Familial 2 (1)    Prof/Exec 22 (14)
   Systemic Sclerosis 32 (21)    Manager 17 (11)
   Other CVD 13 (8)    Clerical 45 (29)
   Portal Hypertension 11 (7)    Skilled Labor 4 (3)
   Anorectic Agent Use 7 (5)    Unskilled Labor 16 (10)
   Other (i.e., HIV, PVOD) 27 (17)    Homemaker 12 (8)
      Other 9 (6)
   WHO I, % 3 (2)    Not Available 30 (19)
   WHO II, % 80 (52) Substance Abuse  
   WHO III, % 65 (42)    Prior Alcohol 11 (7)
   WHO IV, % 7 (5)    Current Alcohol 0 (0)
      Prior Smoking 66 (43)
Mean RA pressure (mmHg) 8.7 ± 2.6    Current Smoking 12 (8)
Mean PA pressure (mmHg) 47 ± 17   
Cardiac output (liters/min) 4.9 ± 1.8   
PVR (dynes·sec·cm-5) 630 ± 425 Treatments  
Symptoms   Epoprostenol 50 (32)
Dyspnea 105 (68) Bosentan 89 (57)
Fatigue, Weakness 55 (35) Calcium Channel Blocker 52 (34)
Lightheadedness/Pre-syncope 31 (20) Sildenafil 3 (2)
Chest Pain 31 (20) Spironolactone 40 (26)
Cough 27 (17) Other Diuretic(s) 76 (49)
Leg Pain 26 (15) Warfarin 74 (48)
Jaw Pain 15 (10) Digoxin 47 (30)
Depression 15 (10) Oxygen, continuous 29 (19)
Anxiety 14 (9) Oxygen, nocturnal 17 (11)
Palpitations 15 (10) Oxygen, as needed 15 (10)
Diarrhea 22 (14)   
Abdominal Complaints 7 (6)   
Leg Weakness 7 (6)   
Difficulty Sleeping 3 (2)